MANUSCRIPT PREPARATION GUIDELINES
The research paper should contain the main results of the author’s research. The minimum size of the paper is 20,000 characters with spaces; the maximum size should not exceed 40,000 characters with spaces.
The research article has two objectives:
- to convey the basic ideas of the author to a wider audience so that the reader can understand the key findings of the researcher with minimum expenditure of time;
- to provide a detailed account of the results so that experts and professionals have been able to understand them, to double-check, to develop and apply.
THE STRUCTURE OF THE PAPER SUBMITTED TO THE EDITORIAL BOARD
Branch of science (journal section).
Initials, author’s surname (in Russian and English). The number of co-authors should not exceed 5 persons. If there is more than one author, the name of the main author should be given firSt. There should be information on each author’s or the main author’s contribution in Russian and English (one sentence long).
Institutional affiliation: name of the institution, postal code, city, street address country (in Russian and English).
Title of the paper in Russian and English (lowcase letters only). The title should include information on the subject of the research.
Abstract in Russian and English (see GUIDELINES FOR ABSTRACT WRITING below).
Key words or word combinations (5-7) are separated by a comma (in Russian and English). They should reflect basic statements, results achieved and the terminology of the investigation. The author should include as many keywords as possible (within the limit) for better searching for the article through search engines.
The body text of the paper with references to the works cited.
References are arranged in alphabetical order and continuously numbered. References in foreign languages should follow references in Russian. References should include 10 and more works cited.
This work was supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (“Project name”, project no. 94-02-04253a).
O.A.Aleksandrova – the main author, is the organizer of research, formulates conclusions and generalizes results of implementation of the collective project
GUIDELINES FOR ABSTRACT WRITING
An abstract should provide the context or background for the study and should state the study’s purposes, basic procedures (methods), main findings, and principal conclusions. It is a brief overview of the paper. It should emphasize new and important aspects of the research.
An abstract should be:
• concise (between 150 and 200 words);
• informative (no general words);
• relevant (reflects the paper’s key content and research findings);
• structured (follows the logics of results’ presentation in the paper).
An abstract should include the following:
- topicality, subject matter, a statement of the object and purpose of the study (if they are not clear in the title);
- research methods/methodology;
- research results;
- the results’ sphere of application;
An abstract should include new results and factual information, long-term impact data, important discoveries and important findings that contradict previous theories as well as data that you think have practical value.
Information contained in the title should not be repeated in the abstract. You should avoid historic references (unless they are part of the key content of the paper), description of previously published papers and well-known facts in your abstract. You should use the language typical of research and technical documents to compile your abstract and avoid complex grammatical constructions. Language of the abstract should be easy and clear for the wide commonwealth of scientists working in the same field. Generally accepted terms are recommended to be used.
SECTIONS WITHIN THE MAIN TEXT OF THE PAPER
(It is important that logic of the statement in the article would include the structure suggested)
■Includes the purpose of the research and its relation to previous work in the field.
■ Gives any necessary background information.
■ Gives aims and objectives of the research and describes its practical application.
■ States the hypothesis, provides a description of material, equipment and methods used in the research.
■ Methods and approaches suggested for the first time should be mentioned.
■ Informs about the difficulties that have been encountered during the research.
■ Presents and describes results of the research, systematic analytical and statistical material. The results can be supported by illustrations (tables, graphs, drawings, diagrams), presenting structural empirical basis, etc.
■ Interpretation and analytical analysis of the data, summarizing and explanation of the material. Comparison and justification od theories. Formulating the author’s results. Analysis of contradictions which have been obtained.
In some cases, sections “Results” and “Discussion” can be one section depending on scientific branch, aim and problems of the research.
■ Empirical basis of research;
■ Analysis of contradictions in previous results.
■ Analysis, synthesis and explanation of data, comparison of data, explanation of theories.
■ Relevant findings of the study.
■ Conclusions and recommendations. Answers to the questions from Introduction.
■ Conclusions to be drawn from the results.
■ Additional research proposed.
PRINCIPLES OF WRITING A RESEARCH PAPER
1. Conciseness. It is necessary to disclose the main idea in the shortest way. It is important to use the minimum set of means (concepts, signs, and explanations) sufficient enough to be understood.
2. Easiness and consistency of using designations. The system of designations has to be simple, not overloaded and shouldn't change.
3. Logic of statements. Cause-effect relation should be used. Articles need to be a seamless whole: ideas presented smoothly in logical order.
The paper shouldn’t include groundless repetitions, unclear and inaccurate phrases, uncertainties and unproved judgments. The text should be rather convincing; it shouldn’t include excessive compositional elements.
4. Accuracy in meaning transfer. An author should have a good proficiency in both scientific and literary language. He/she has a freedom of choice in using concepts and definitions to make his/her statements clear and easy.
5. Adequate use of references. All papers should include the references. All citations, numbers and facts taken from the literary works, researchers’ points of view, methods used have to be cited.
It is important to mention that the article shouldn’t be overburden by citations. Reasonable use of methodological and theoretical literature shows the author’s competence and ability to balance between using citations and his/her own statements.
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